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Help Finding the Volume of a Cylinder

1Calculating the Volume of a Cylinder

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**Co-authored by**Grace Imson, MA

Last Updated: January 11, 2024References

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A cylinder is a simple geometric shape with two equally-sized and parallel circular bases. Calculating the volume of a cylinder is simple once you know the formula.^{[1]}

### Help Finding the Volume of a Cylinder

Volume of a Cylinder Cheat Sheet

Volume of a Cylinder Calculator

Method 1

Method 1 of 1:

### Calculating the Volume of a Cylinder

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1

**Find the radius of the circular base.**^{[2]}Either circle will do since they are the same size. If you already know the radius, you can move on. If you don't know the radius, then you can use a ruler to measure the widest part of the circle and then divide it by 2. This will be more accurate than trying to measure half of the diameter. Let's say that the radius of this cylinder is 1 inch (2.5cm). Write it down.- If you know the diameter of the circle, just divide it by 2.
^{[3]} - If you know the circumference, then you can divide it by 2π to get the radius.
^{[4]}

- If you know the diameter of the circle, just divide it by 2.
2

**Calculate the area of the circular base.**^{[5]}To do this, just use the formula for finding the area of a circle,**A = πr**.^{2}^{[6]}Just plug the radius you found into the equation. Here's how to do it:- A = π x 1
^{2} - A = π x 1
- A = π
- Since π is normally rounded to 3.14, you can say that the area of the circular base is 3.14 in.
^{2}

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- A = π x 1
3

See AlsoProblem 15 The volume \(V\) of a right circ... [FREE SOLUTION]V Engine: Diagram, Parts, Working, Types, Uses [with PDF]How Does the Standard Equation Define a Cylinder?What Is The Volume Of A Right Circular Cylinder With A Base Diameter Of 6 M And A Height Of 5 M? Enter**Find the height of the cylinder.**^{[7]}If you know the height already, move on. If not, use a ruler to measure it. The height is the distance between the edges of the two bases. Let's say the height of the cylinder is 4 inches (10.2cm). Write it down.4

Multiply

**the area of the base by the height.**^{[8]}You can think of the volume of the cylinder as the area of the base being extended throughout the height of the cylinder. Since you know that the area of the base is 3.14 in.^{2}and that the height is 4 in., you can just multiply the two together to get the volume of the cylinder. 3.14 in.^{2}x 4 in. = 12.56 in.^{3}This is your final answer.^{[9]}- Always state your final answer in cubic units because volume is the measure of a three-dimensional space.
^{[10]}

- Always state your final answer in cubic units because volume is the measure of a three-dimensional space.

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## Community Q&A

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Question

How do I calculate the length of the radius?

Community Answer

The radius is half of the diameter. If you know the diameter, just divide that by two to find the radius.

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Question

How can I find a cylinder's volume when I know height and diameter?

Community Answer

Calculate the area of the base (which is a circle) by using the equation πr² where r is the radius of the circle. Then, multiply the area of the base by the height of the cylinder to find the volume.

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Question

How do I calculate the volume of a water tank?

Community Answer

Measure the tank and calculate the volume like a normal cylinder. If it's irregularly shaped, just fill it with water until it's full, and however much water you filled it is its volume.

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## Video

## Tips

Remember the diameter is the biggest chord in a circle or in a circumference, i.e. the biggest measurement you can get between two points in a circumference or in the circle within. The edge of the circle should meet the zero mark in your ruler/flex tape, and the biggest measurement you obtain without losing contact with your zero mark will be the diameter.

^{[11]}Thanks

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Make up a few problems to practice so you know that you will get it right when you try it for real.

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The volume of a cylinder is given by the formula V = πr

^{2}h, and π is about the equivalent of 22/7 or 3.14.Thanks

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#### Tips from our Readers

The advice in this section is based on the lived experiences of wikiHow readers like you. If you have a helpful tip you’d like to share on wikiHow, please submit it in the field below.

- To approximate the area of a circle, square its diameter, then multiply that by .7854. It's not precise, but it helps in a pinch.

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## References

- ↑ https://www.mathsisfun.com/definitions/cylinder.html
- ↑ Grace Imson, MA. Math Instructor, City College of San Francisco. Expert Interview. 1 November 2019.
- ↑ https://www.mathsisfun.com/definitions/radius.html
- ↑ https://www.mathsisfun.com/definitions/pi.html
- ↑ Grace Imson, MA. Math Instructor, City College of San Francisco. Expert Interview. 1 November 2019.
- ↑ https://www.khanacademy.org/math/basic-geo/basic-geo-area-and-perimeter/area-circumference-circle/v/area-of-a-circle
- ↑ Grace Imson, MA. Math Instructor, City College of San Francisco. Expert Interview. 1 November 2019.
- ↑ https://www.mathopenref.com/cylindervolume.html

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## About This Article

Co-authored by:

Grace Imson, MA

Math Instructor, City College of San Francisco

This article was co-authored by Grace Imson, MA. Grace Imson is a math teacher with over 40 years of teaching experience. Grace is currently a math instructor at the City College of San Francisco and was previously in the Math Department at Saint Louis University. She has taught math at the elementary, middle, high school, and college levels. She has an MA in Education, specializing in Administration and Supervision from Saint Louis University. This article has been viewed 4,006,042 times.

155 votes - 68%

Co-authors: 92

Updated: January 11, 2024

Views:4,006,042

Categories: Featured Articles | Volume

Article SummaryX

1. Measure the circular base to get the diameter.

2. Divide the diameter by 2 to get the radius.

3. Calculate the area with the formula: A = πr^2, where r is the radius.

4. Measure the height of the cylinder.

5. Multiply the area by the height to get the Volume.

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